Periodontology -Dental Clínic Smiles Design

O QUE SÃO DOENÇAS PERIODONTAIS?

Are diseases affecting the tissues that surround and support the teeth (periodontal) that include, in addition to the gums, the alveolar bone and other structures responsible for keeping the teeth firmly implanted in the jaw. Periodontal diseases are divided into two large groups: the gingivitis and parodontitis. In there's a superficial inflammation of gingivitis gums, being easily handled, with full recovery of the tissues. Parodontitis in there is a destruction of the deeper structures, with bone resorption, and if not treated, can lead to tooth loss. Usually do not cause pain, even in more advanced cases.

QUAL A CAUSA DAS DOENÇAS PERIODONTAIS?

The most frequent cause of periodontal disease are bacteria. In the mouth there are more than 300 different types and many of them are potentially detrimental to the gums. The bacteria that live in your mouth accumulate on the surface of the teeth and gingival sulcus, forming plaque. When bacteria grow in number exceeding a certain level, producing periodontal diseases.

AS DOENÇAS PERIODONTAIS SÃO HEREDITÁRIAS?

To have periodontitis is required the presence of bacteria. However, the severity of injury depends on the individual susceptibility is a genetically determined trait. Taking into account that nowadays little we can do to change the genetic predisposition, how to prevent and treat the parodontitis is through the control of plaque. Often, people who have periodontitis, especially the more serious forms, know close relatives are also affected, which represents the family-hereditary nature.

COMO SEI QUE A MINHA GENGIVA ESTÁ DOENTE?

The symptoms are the spontaneous bleeding or during brushing, the appearance of pus in gums, bad taste or bad breath, gum really red, gum retraction, change the position of the teeth and even dental mobility. The diagnosis can only be made by by dentist, to report any of these signs, you should consult you for your case to be reviewed.

COM QUE IDADE SE INICIAM AS DOENÇAS PERIODONTAIS?

The most frequent forms appear in adults, starting at young ages around 30 years. Generally the younger the person, the greater the likelihood of a severe form of periodontitis and you need more care. Periodontal diseases rarely affect children, but when they are severe forms that threaten serious teething and even his own health. Periodontal diseases are among the most frequent of the human race. Gingivitis affects almost all of the population, both as an adult child. Periodontal disease affects almost one in two adults over 35 years

É NORMAL QUE A GENGIVA SANGRE?

The signal as early warns us of the existence of a problem in gingiva is the occurrence of spontaneous gingival bleeding or after brushing. A bleeding gums can present a gingivitis (less severe) or periodontitis (more severe). In special cases, such as when associated with taking certain medications or certain diseases, there may be a greater tendency to bleeding gums.

A DOENÇA PERIODONTAL TEM CURA?

The treatment of periodontal diseases can hold the advance of the disease, but can't, in most cases, cure in order to replace the lost tissue. On the other hand, periodontitis is a chronic illness, so it is essential to attend the regular consultations. Otherwise, the disease back to reactivate. In the most aggressive forms, as in the cases that appear in children or young adults, smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day, or in some systemic diseases, such as uncontrolled diabetes, the treatment may not result in the complete control of the disease, but in its advance slower.

A MOBILIDADE DENTÁRIA ASSOCIADA ÀS DOENÇAS GENGIVAIS É REVERSÍVEL?

In cases where mobility is not very sharp, may decrease after treatment. However, it may not disappear completely because, generally, the amount of bone does not increase after the treatment of periodontitis. This is one of the reasons that justify the need to make the early diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases.

COMO SE TRATAM AS DOENÇAS PERIODONTAIS?

The treatment aims at the Elimination of bacteria responsible and monitor the factors that increase susceptibility to periodontal disease, such as tobacco and some systemic diseases, creating conditions for disease to keep long-term controlled. In gingivitis, is enough improved oral hygiene for the patient and prophylactic treatment, fast and easy. In parodontitis, the treatment takes place in several stages. Firstly, a periodontal clinical and radiological study to assess the situation, make a diagnosis and a plan of action. Then, is the basic phase of treatment for removing plaque from the periodontal bag, which is known as scaling and root planing. In deep pockets is required, in addition, a small corrective periodontal surgery. After the disease be controlled, begins the phase of maintenance treatment.

A ESCOVAGEM NORMAL É SUFICIENTE PARA PREVENIR A DOENÇA PERIODONTAL?

Don't. As the brush does not reach between your teeth, it is necessary to use the FLOSS or pipe cleaners between your teeth to keep these spaces free of plaque. However, the use of these instruments, in the beginning, it is difficult and time-consuming, requiring some learning and practice. With the gain of manual dexterity is possible to pass the wire and/or the interdental brush across her mouth in a few minutes. To apply the FLOSS feel bad breath, it means that this space contains bacteria responsible for changes in your gums. The smell is worse the more time pass between each interdental cleaning.

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